Principles of Ethics

ETHC 445 Principles of Ethics

Week 3

Week 3 Discussion 1

Applying the Death Penalty (Graded)

First, here is a word of caution. With this discussion comes a tasking to discuss the death penalty in two ways: first, as an expression of the social contract, where one person has killed another in a violation of that other person’s right to peace and safety, and second, as a rules-based function of the justice system being applied to a difficult situation.What do you see going on that is a violation of the Hobbes/Locke social contract idea?And you might also connect it with any of the Three Schools, plus Aristotle, that you have read in past weeks—and especially with the rules-based ethics model.

Here’s the situation: In Manatee County, Florida, a judge sentenced a man to death—the first time this had happened in the county for over 19 years.

Week 3 Discussion 2

Living in Our State of Nature (Graded)

Social Contract theorists say that morality consists of a set of rules governing how people should treat one another that rational beings will agree to accept for their mutual benefit, on the condition that others agree to follow these rules as well.

Hobbes runs the logic like this in the form of a logical syllogism:

1) We are all self-interested,

2) Each of us needs to have a peaceful and cooperative social order to pursue our interests,

3) We need moral rules in order to establish and maintain a cooperative social order,

Week 3 Assignment:

Week 3 Assignment; Ethics Paper (800 Words)

Quiz Week 3

Q. Inferring a claim based on data is deductive logic, but what happens when the inference circumvents logical reasoning?

Q. A car salesman says this, in order to get you to buy a new car from him: “Buddy! You gotta buy this car. Please! If you don’t buy it, my boss will fire me!” This type of faulty logic is an example of _____.

Q. Are you for or against the war on terrorism? What fallacy is operating here?

Q. All those old people are cheap. They never give me a fair tip when I park their cars in the valet parking lot. Question 5. If children cannot be executed for their crimes, why should we execute people with learning disabilities who have the mental capacity of children?

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