The second amendment is a part of the Bill of Rights and is guaranteed to each citizen of the United
States of America by our constitution. It is the right to bear arms which means the government cannot
prohibit a citizen from owning a gun for his own protection. It states that” a well regulated militia, being
necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be
infringed. “* This was written into our constitution by our founding fathers who drafted the document
to prohibit the government’s control of its citizenry. Because the British government had the power to
come into citizen’s home and confiscate their guns, thus emphasizing governmental rights over
individual rights, they felt this was necessary. This second amendment has been a “sacred” part of our
society since its implementation in Dec of 1791. Advocates of the second amendment today are found in
both the Republican and Democratic Party. The Republican Party takes a wider view of the types of
weapons and number of weapons that are guaranteed by the second amendment than the Democratic
Party. The Democratic Party does not believe that ownership of multiple machine guns are what the
founding fathers had in mind.
The landmark case of Heller vs District of Columbia in June of 2008 upheld the second amendment rights
of Mr. Heller to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia for traditional lawful purpose
such as self defense within a home. Mr Heller was a police office. He was prohibited by the District of
Columbia from having a weapon at home as well as at work. This court case became the precedence for
future court cases.
There have been a plethora of cases that have been brought before the Supreme Court regarding
second amendment rights. The Judicial , legislative and executive branches of our government have all
contributed to the laws of our land in relation to our citizen’s second amendment rights. One example
is Norman vs Florida in 2017 which dealt with the Florida open carry law. The Supreme Court ruled that
Mr. Norman openly carrying a gun did not violate the second amendment. In this case Dale Lee Norman
challenged Florida in the 4th District court of appeals and won. The court decided that Norman had the
right to openly carry a gun due to his second amendment rights. This ruling has now been appealed to
the Supreme Court. Another recent case is McDonald vs City of Chicago in 2010. In this case McDonald,
a retired African –American custodian and others filed suit to challenge provisions of a 1982 Chicago law
that banned the new registration of hand guns and made registration a prerequisite to owning a fire
arm. The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the second amendment guarantees the right to bear arms
In conclusion, this debate over what our founding fathers meant years ago by the second amendment
continues and will not be agreed upon by our citizens in the near future. One thing that both parties
and most citizens agree on is that our citizens will have the right to own a gun. Restrictions upon how
many guns and the types of weapons allowed vary. It appears from recent court cases that the Supreme
Court has taken the view of finding for the defendant in most cases. They have upheld the right of the
individual to own and carry a gun paramount to the rights of government to restrict the gun. This
appears to be what our founding fathers had in mind
Publishing Your Article Worksheet
Step 1: Print your first draft, revised draft, and final draft.
Step 2: Look at each paragraph across the three drafts. For example, look at your first paragraph in your first draft, your revised draft, and in your final draft. (hint: number the paragraphs on each draft)
Step 3: Select the paragraph with the most revisions and edits between the first and final drafts.
Step 4: Follow the instructions in the boxes below.
Copy and paste paragraph from first draft. You may remove the yellow and green highlights if they are distracting to you during this comparison.
Copy and paste paragraph from revised draft. Mark all revisions in pink.
Copy and paste paragraph from final draft. Mark all revisions in blue.
Compare the first draft and final draft versions of the paragraph side-by-side. Discuss in at least five sentences the changes you made and why the final draft of the paragraph is an improvement over the first draft.