Please Respond to these discussions APA format with a reference
Qualitative data can generate a ton of words, overwhelming indeed as explained by Johnson and Colleagues (2010). However, they also explained how modern advances make it easier to organize, “Fortunately recent advances in computer technology and software have made it possible to manage these mountains of words more efficiently.”
They went on to explain other methods. For example, the use of data-bases help manage the data, as to strategies for collecting the data such as field notes, baseline qualitative protocol, follow-up qualitative protocol and focus groups protocols.
Hiring and managing qualified staff was also noted as an important tactic. An important consideration to be made was the proper training of these qualified staff, especially considering the sometimes dangerous or questionable situations they may find themselves while gathering the data. This makes sense, after all what good is there in trying to manage or organize data that is invalid or missing.
The management of field expenses is also important to consider. Turns out, this isn’t just about managing and organizing data. When dealing with information on this level, there is a lot of infrastructure to consider.
Johnson, B. D., Dunlap, E., & Benoit, E. (2010). Structured Qualitative Research: Organizing “Mountains of Words” for Data Analysis, both Qualitative and Quantitative. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(5), 648–670. http://doi.org/10.3109/10826081003594757
Organizing and keeping track of the text is necessary to ensure one’s qualitative data is useful towards the research being carried out. Managing and organizing qualitative data will be easy if it is checked from the start to make sure everything is together and accurate. You can decide to use a special format of ordering the data so that it is well arranged. For instance, you can have an identification code to each respondent or interview. Again, there is need for extra copies of the data. A backup is necessary to ensure that any accidental loss of data does not send you back to the starting point. This can also help to track the changes you may make to the data when drafting the final copy. Any reference can be made to the original copy of the data when it is necessary.
Another strategy is to organize or combine related themes into major categories. Then make proper labeling of the categories. You can hence work on category after category. This is an important part of documenting your work. Documentation of data activity is essential to maintaining data integrity and facilitating efficient write-ups during analysis. A competent system for tracking, processing and managing data is key to the successful and timely completion of the entire research being carried out.
Gibbs, G. (2007). Analyzing qualitative data. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Qualitative research is a way to gain insight through
discovering meaning. It emphasizes an understanding of human experience by
exploring the nature of people’s interactions with themselves, others and their
surroundings. Therefore, it is more of an exploratory research than something
based on a specific hypothesis. The data collected from this type of research
be overwhelming to the researcher so methods have been designed to help create
a framework for qualitative research. There are three types of designs created
to help manage and organize this data, phenomenological, ethnography, and
grounded theory. Depending on the direction of our research will determine what
design is best for your research and help you create a framework for you to
organize and manage your data.
Fain, J.A. (2017). Reading, understanding, and applying nursing research (5th ed.) Philadelphia: F A Davis.
Qualitative is a method of research designed for discovery, exploring little-known or ambiguous phenomena. “It’s a form in which the researcher or a designated co-researcher collects and interprets data, making the researcher as much a part of the research process as the participants and the data they provide. There are different types of qualitative research each with its purpose and own structure.” ( Creswell, 2013). The three-main type are phenomenology, ethnography and grounded theory.
First researchers need to have a specific idea/goal in mind focusing on only the data needed. Utilizing modern technology as in infrastructure which is fundamental to the process. Keeping a balance between distortion and conceptualization of a research study. The process requires a logical flow through each step that builds on the previous steps.
Here are some key pointers when doing qualitative research to avoid voluminous and overwhelming encounters; systematic approach with planning, organizing journaling/backup, retrieving/analyzing and obsevating
Cobrin, J., & Strauss, A. (2015). Basics of Qualitative Research. Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory 4thed. Retrieved 4-2-18
Webb, J.J., (2006). Nursing Research and fEvidence-Based Practice. Nursing research provides the foundation for evidence-based nursing practice. Ch.6, Elsevier. Retrieved 4-2-18 jfrom hppt://evolve.elsevier.com/cherry/
Qualitative data describes experiences and situations from another person’s perspective. The researcher can organize and manage their research, by following a few steps. Once the research is complete, it is essential to place the information into the right place, so that finding it later, can be done quickly. Typical data collection methods include interviews, focus groups, observation, and lastly, examining written text (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). While collecting the data, the researcher may use standardized note taking, video-recordings, audio-recordings. Also, if the researcher has members involved in their research, he or she may have them serve as observers to take notes (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). Although keeping track of information may seem like a hassle, it can seem less dreadful by using Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software, also known as (CAQDAS) (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). This software allows for the researcher to write memos about their analysis.
Next, data management is as essential. Data management requires clear procedures to “ensure credible findings” (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015, p. 91). The researcher will first need a plan. The researcher will need to determine the names of the files, along with safely storing the information (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). Furthermore, the researchers can create an organizational plan for the information that they will collect. It is also recommended that the researcher store their files in various locations to prevent loss of the data, in case there is a malfunction of the software.
Grove, S. K., Gray, J. R., & Burns, N. (2015). Introduction to Qualitative Research. In Understanding Nursing Research (6th Edition). Retrieved from https://pageburstls.elsevier.com/#/books/978-1-437…
Qualitative data has been described as voluminous and sometimes overwhelming to the researcher. In what ways could a researcher manage and organize the data?
Qualitative research is a theory of change with an assessment of expected and unexpected outcomes. It’s supporting operational and supporting infrastructures that relies on mixed methods approach by combining a descriptive and qualitative assessment.
Qualitative research looks systematically discovering rather than verification. It explores the little-known or ambiguous phenomena. Interviewing is a main component used in qualitative methods to explore the meaning of certain experiences to individuals. This method is costly and time consuming and uses small samples, therefore generalizations con not be made.
Some key components to decrease being overwhelmed is organization using a systematic approach, documentation with backup, interviews and observations
Webb,J.J., (2006). Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice. Nursing research provides the foundation for evidence-based nursing practice. Ch. 6, Elsevier. Retrieved 4-2-18 from http://evolve.elsevier.com/cherry/